Soon after the Spanish Conquest of the Americas, Wheat was introduced to the New World. The Catholic Church required that the Eucharist wafer be made from wheat flour. Soon after Spaniards discovered dipping the bread in hot chocolate transformed the experience.
During the early 19th century after independence from Spain, immigrants from France began to arrive in Mexico. Among the arrivals were bakers and pastry chefs, who transformed the nature of Mexican Bread, the Bolillos necessary for a Torta (sandwich) was developed and by introducing sugar to bread, we have Sweet Bread.
The Post-war of independence was an unsettled time, civil unrest was rampant and damage to persons, belongings and businesses was frequent. Because of the fragility of the Mexican republic, there was no one to petition for damages if your home or business was damaged in the disorder, so foreigners began to appeal to their own governments for help and compensation.
Commercial relationships between France and Mexico existed prior to Spain's recognition of Mexico's independence in 1830, and after the establishment of diplomatic relationships France rapidly became Mexico's third largest trade partner. In 1832 relations became so strained that France blockaded the entire western coast of Mexico in a dispute over damages, this became known as “The Pastry War” after one of the complaints of a French Baker whose shop near Mexico City was destroyed. Later, during the American Civil War, Mexico stopped paying debts to foreign countries. France invaded Mexico and installed Maximilian von Habsburg as Emperor of Mexico. Eventually, the French Empire in Mexico was removed and after much bloodshed a Mexican General and hero of the war against France, Porfirio Diaz, became President and ruled for 8 terms from 1876 to 1911.
President Diaz loved European culture, particularly all things French. As a result, bakeries sprouted up throughout Mexico and skilled Mexican bakers began to adopt techniques and doughs from the French tradition of baking such as puff pastry and meringue. New pastries were created in whimsical shapes and in a variety of doughs and textures, bearing colorful names often relating to their shape. For instance, one can find marranitos (piglets), conchas (seashells), moños (bows), or bigotes (moustaches). Even traditional French pastries adopted Mexican names, such as orejas (palmiers) and cuernitos (croissants). It's estimated that there are between 500 and 2,000 types of breads and pastries produced in Mexico.
Lupita Dolls celebrate this tasty slice of heaven on earth with a Basket of Sweet Breads and a Pot of Coffee or Chocolate to start the day.